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Daily Newspaper and Travel Guide
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Monday, February 15, 1999

Indonesia topic at study club meeting

The Modern Study Club met on Jan. 27, in the home of
Catherine Travland, 318 W. 5th at 3:30 p.m., for an
International Affairs Program with Nan Cate, Department
chairman making the presentation.

Cate presented the program "Indonesia, a Beautiful Land in
Turmoil." Indonesia is located below India and Burma and
above Australia, in the South China Sea. It continues to
grow because of the volcanos in the area. The land mass is
twice the size of Texas with peaks as tall as 12,000 feet.
The weather consists of the wet season November to March and
the dry season June until October. The population is 200
millon people of which 55 percent are farmers, they grow
rice, tea and spices. Eighty-eight percent of the Indonesia
population is Muslim and only eight percent Christian. There
are more Muslims in Indonesia than all the Arab countries

Indonesia has a long history of being dominated by others
starting with the Europeans in 1500. The Dutch took
possession from the other European countries and it became
the Dutch East Indies. They ruled for 300 years. Then Japan
invaded Indonesia in the early 1940's and ruled until the
end of World War II, after defeating the Dutch. Independence
was proclaimed on Dec. 29, 1949. Sukarno began his rule at
that time. Suharot took over the country in 1966, following
a coup in 1965, blamed on the Communist. He was considered
the Father of Economic Growth, he sold off oil and rain
forest and built an empire on the backs of the poor. The
army deserted Suharto in May of 1998. Suharto resigned and
B.J. Habibie was named president.

Today ¼ of the people live below the poverty line. The
country is suffering drought and forest fires. The economy
is running amock with the prize of goods up 400 percent with
starvation wages. Indonesia is a beautiful land in turmoil.

President Lena Harpham conducted the business meeting. The
Club Collect was led by Etta Sullivan and the Pledges to the
United States Flag and the Texas Flag were led by Laura
Teal, as the members repeated all in unison.

The minutes of the previous meeting was read by Bobbi Lang,
secretary. Pearl Gustafson, treasurer, presented a report of
club finances.

Lang read a letter from Joyce Morton, Western District Arts
and Craft chairman which encouraged members to prepare arts
and crafts and enter them in the Annual Western District
Convention of Texas Federation of Women's Clubs to be held
in Monahans on April.

Nan Cate, Federation Counselor, reported that the State
Convention of TFWC will be held April 29-May 1 in Lubbock.
Cate reminded members about supplies for M.D. Anderson
Cancer Research Center to be contributed by club members. A
list of items needed are on page 17 of the "Texas Clubwoman"

Hazel Barmore, Ways and Means chairman, discussed the
upcoming fund raiser bake sale. Members decided to hold the
sale Feb. 19 in the Security State Bank lobby, if it is
convenient for the bank. Funds will benefit The Modern Study
Club Pecos High School Senior Scholarship for 1999.

President Harpham stated that reports for The Modern Study
Club's program and project were mailed Jan. 22, well in
advance of the Feb. 1 deadline.

Club members voted to grant Phyllis Stool associate
membership in the organization.

Hostesses Mary Barfield, Doris Moorman and Iris Reddick
served cherry cream and pecan pie, assorted fruits,
vegetable dip, chips, coffee and punch to Hazel Barmore, Nan
Cate, Pearl Gustafson, Lena Harpham, Bobbi Lang, Gretchen
Luna, Juracy McCall, Etta Sullivan, Laura Teal, Catherine
Travland and Margie Williamson.

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Pecos Enterprise
York M. "Smokey" Briggs, Publisher
Division of Buckner News Alliance, Inc.

324 S. Cedar St., Pecos, TX 79772
Phone 915-445-5475, FAX 915-445-4321

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