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Tuesday, Aug. 27, 1996

Magic box greens up fields of alfalfa

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Staff Writer

PECOS. Aug. 27, 1996 - Pretty yellow butterflies flit from one lush
green plant to another in Jim Batteas' alfalfa field. But they're not so
pretty to Batteas.

Yellow butterflies lay eggs that hatch into a worm that eats alfalfa
leaves. They can devastate a crop in a hurry.

Batteas called in Reeves-Loving County extension agent C.W. Roberts to
evaluate the butterfly population and recommend whether or not to treat
the plants with insecticide.

Roberts recommended waiting, because the plants were about ready to mow
and bale for livestock feed.

"There is not enough damage from butterflies now to warrant spray," he
said. "There is some insect damage, but not nearly enough to pay to

If the butterflies lay eggs on short alfalfa plants that were recently
cut, the resulting larvae can be a problem, he said.

Bud Hayes, a salesman for a "magic box" that Batteas uses to treat his
irrigation water, said an electrical energy field created by the box
kills young alfalfa worms, and Batteas has not had to treat any of his
fields this year.

The electro static preciptor, or E.S.P., unit manufactured by Burkett
Energized Water Systems of Coleman, is the latest scientific application
of an age-old principle based on the sound laws of physics, Hayes said.

Water that passes through a controlled electro-static field has an
improved taste, is odor free, controls algae and electrolysis and is
environmentally safe.

Old scale is removed from pipes, and new scale is prevented from
forming without the use of chemicals.

While it does not remove salt from the water, it changes the chemical
makeup so the salt does not hurt plants. E.S.P. water clears leaf
surfaces of salt accumulation for better water/mineral/nutrient uptake
in the roots, Hayes said.

Soil percolation is greater and more efficient. The E.S.P. water keeps
the root area cleared of salts which will result in greater water,
nutrient and mineral uptake.

The plant uses less energy to acquire water and nutrients, making that
energy available for the purposes of plant maintenance, growth and
insect and disease resistance.

Salt, calciums, carbohydrate that are corrosive are all electron
hungry, Hayes said. The E.S.P. unit satisfies their hunger so they won't
bother the plants or root system.

"A healthy root system is the key to a healthy plant," he said.
"Electrons carry food to the plant. They help it to be stronger and
fight off insects.

Batteas' lush green field appears healthy enough to fight off any

"Here we have had tremendous luck on the worms this year," Hayes said.
"He hasn't had to spray yet for the alfalfa leaf form."

A.B. Foster also planted a test plot of sorghum and another of cotton
with water treated by the E.S.P. unit, but he said the results were
inconclusive because his stand was not good.

"We made a pretty good crop," he said. "More than we had previously on
cotton. I'm still not convinced it won't work and will do more testing.
So far it looks encouraging."

Charlie and Greg Mitchell use the system on their dairy for the cows'
drinking water supply, but have so far been unable to determine if it
has improved milk production.

Hayes said they guarantee the units to work or they will cheerfully
refund the cost.

"We may have to give the money back, but we will do it with a smile on
our face," he said.

The units are built in Port Isabel using 15-year-old technology.

Pressed for a price, Hayes said, "If it works, it is the cheapest thing
a man can buy."

Batteas said his units have paid for themselves this year in savings on
water and poison in four cuttings.

He said he paid $14 per system on wells that range in salts from 4,400
parts per million to 5,400 ppm.

His pivot irrigation systems are cleaner of sand and algae that grew in
the PVC pipe. The electronic energy killed the algae, he said.

The wells pump less sand because the charged water knocks scale and
rust off the pump and liner. The perforated liner is supposed to keep
sand and gravel out and keep the water clean.

"Salt water will rust and corrode it up where you can't get a good,
even flow of water into the perforations," Batteas said. "It has cleaned
the perforations out where I don't pump any more sand through my wells.
I don't have to clean the nozzles twice a week like I used to. Now we
clean them usually when we start."

He said he tries to make three circles with the pivot irrigation
systems, then shut down to cut the alfalfa every 21-24 days.

"Before I started using this "miracle box," I cut every 28-30 days," he
said. "It makes alfalfa grow faster with less water. I was making three
eight-day circles; now I make three six-day circles."

Batteas sowed the alfalfa circles seven years ago and has not had to

Rain, rather than being a blessing, is a curse to alfalfa fields
protected by the electrostatic field created by the small, green box
sitting atop Batteas' irrigation pipe.

"It washes down the electronic field," Hayes said. Fields that were not
rained on have no insect damage and make ½ to ¼ ton more than an older
field that was rained on and should have had the best hay."

The irrigation system drags hoses to emit water close to the root of
the alfalfa plants, rather than sprinkling them.

Salt water sprayed on alfalfa leaves will kill them, Batteas said.

And salt builds up in the soil.

"This is one reason we got the machines," Batteas said. "It is supposed
to break up the salt in the soil and leach it on down. It gets the root
system cleaned up so it grows faster and makes better use of fertilizer.
We spent lots of money on other circles trying to establish hay. You
have to get it up on rain water, or the second watering will kill it."

Roberts said that Batteas had a bad aphid problem year before last.

"In one or two sweeps (of a canvas net), I would get a handful," he

Healthy plants can withstand insect attacks much better than weaker
plants, Batteas said.

"If you have a weak plant, it catches everything that comes along," he

Hayes said that watering the field with treated water builds up the
energy field that kills the small worms.

Batteas is not relying solely on the "magic box," however. He sent soil
and water samples to a consultant in Minnesota for his recommendations
on a test plot of sudan.

"He's trying to come up with different things that will also help to
clean the soil up and get alfalfa started quick enough," Batteas said.

Before the magic box, though, Batteas spent over $70,000 on seed for
two circles and has nothing to show for it.

He now has five circles of alfalfa and sudan on land he contract farms
for Arnoldo Barless, a Brazilian living in New York City.

"He's a diamond dealer," Batteas said. "He can lose money on farming
and go buy another diamond to pay for it."

Newer technology is helping farmers save money by improving the water
and soil to farm more efficiently, he said.

"We have always had plenty of cheap feed and cheap food, but so many
farmers are going out now, they are starting to spend some money so we
can learn how to produce crops with salty water and take care of the

Knowing when and how much to water is one key to successful farming,
Roberts said.

If you water too often or not often enough, your field can be hit by
cotton root rot, and there is no cure for it, he said.

"You can lose your whole stand because there's nothing you can do about

Asked how he knows when and how much to water, Batteas said it is by
trial and error.

Yellow leaves on the plants indicate they are stressed, usually from
not enough water or from packed soil that won't let the water get to the

"I killed some of this the last watering trying to run slow enough to
put in an experimental plot of alfalfa," he said. "You just do the best
you can under the circumstances."

While hail is a menace to most crops in Reeves County, it does little
damage to alfalfa, Batteas said. It may knock off a few leaves, but they
will grow right back. Wind hurts it some, but not that bad, he said.

"This has been the windiest year we have had in 100 years, and I still
made more production than before."

And all because of a "magic box" little larger than a shoe box.

Game warden eager to work with landowners

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Staff Writer

PECOS, TX, Aug. 27, 1996 - Jim Allen listed Reeves County as his first
choice for a duty station upon his graduation from the Texas Parks and
Wildlife training academy in Austin July 31.

And the Sonora native is thrilled to be assigned here.

"I felt like I was lucky to get West Texas," Allen said. "I couldn't
ask for a better duty station."

When you think of a game warden, you may envision a stern, uniformed
peace officer who enforces hunting and fishing regulations.

But Allen sees his work as much more than enforcement.

"A big part of my duty is to teach folks about how to protect wildlife
resources and teach them about firearms and safety," he said.

Serving the public is Number 1. Ranchers and farmers are the
landholders, and that's where wildlife resources are going to be, he

"It is a unique position where you are able to work with and for them
along with the public in helping protect wildlife resources and also
help teach people different aspects of how to protect certain animals
and fish," he said.

Working with youth to teach them about wildlife and nature in general
is important to the young man who loves the out-of-doors and people.

"Youngsters can enjoy outdoor activities like hunting and fishing, and
I enjoy teaching them things," he said.

He hopes to teach classes in boater education, hunter safety and
fishing education for all ages.

"There's been folks 75-80 years old who took hunter safety education
courses with their grandson or granddaughter, and they really enjoy it,"
Allen said.

In enforcing the law, Allen will not be patrolling, just looking for
violators of hunting, fishing and boating laws.

"When you are in the country and you come across these individuals, you
make sure they are following the laws," he said.

Game wardens are state peace officers who have statewide jurisdiction.
They help out other agencies as they are needed.

Allen made the rounds getting acquainted with local officers last week.

"I am looking forward to working with other wardens and other law
enforcement agencies in Reeves and surrounding counties," he said.

Not only will he work Reeves County, Allen will help Robert French with
Ward and Loving counties and Randall Brown in Jeff Davis County.

Allen is familiar with the area, since he graduated from Sul Ross State
University with a bachelor of science degree in criminal justice.

Coming from Marfa last Saturday, Allen enjoyed seeing the mountains

"I am looking forward to dove season coming up next month,": he said.
"I have heard it is a big season here in Reeves County. I am looking
forward to getting out and learning the county and meeting the farmers
and ranchers."

He said anyone having questions should contact him at home or through
the Reeves County Sheriff's Office.

Allen and his wife, Catherine, have moved into their new residence at
414 S. Elm Street, where they share cooking duties in the kitchen.

Cooking is one of Allen's hobbies. His specialty is any type of
southwestern recipe.

"I like to open any cookbook and try just about anything," he said. "In
the mall, the first place I go to is the cook books."

He also enjoys reading, especially Elmer Kelton books, jogging and
spending time with his wife of three years.

Catherine is a student at Angelo State University in San Angelo,
majoring in special education for all levels. She expects to be a May,
1997 graduate.

Allen's mother is an ASU professor, and his Dad is a coach. He is the
older brother of two sisters, one in college and one working for the
First National Bank of Sonora in San Angelo.

He played football and ran track with his Dad as coach during high
school at Wolfforth.

"It was unique having him as father on one side and coach on the
other," Allen said. "That was interesting and made you work a little
extra hard, because if you didn't do good on the field or track, you
would kind of be hinted at at home. I enjoyed it and summers in the
cotton fields."

Questioned about the veracity of that last statement, Allen admitted he
didn't really like working 14 hours in the hot sun, but he did enjoy
fellowship with other teenagers working alongside him.

Fellowship and working with others seems to be Allen's top priorities.
He has enjoyed meeting new people in Pecos, where he and Catherine have
been made to feel welcome.

"There is a lot of good folks," he said. "We are looking forward to a
long stay here."



By C.W. Roberts

Manage grazing during drought

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(Article 4 in a Series of 5)

Stocking rate and grazing management decisions during drought may be
the most important decisions made. The effects of these decisions go far
beyond survival during the drought and greatly influence recovery
drought. No two ranches are completely identical and as such, need to
make stocking rate and grazing management decisions during drought that
are compatible with the goals of the operation. This article is intended
to highlight options for stocking rate and grazing management decisions
during drought.

Ranch forage supplies must be constantly evaluated to match supply with
demand. There's an old saying that goes: "Your income got's to exceed
your outgo lest your upkeep be your downfall". While primarily talking
about financial situations, this can be applied to forage situations.
Forage supply must meet or exceed forage demand or the forage base may
eventually contribute to the demise of the operation. Reduction in
stocking rates during drought pays big dividends in terms of less damage
to desirable forage plants, rapid recovery of the range following
drought, reduced supplemental feeding costs, and reduced losses to toxic
plants, just to name a few.

When talking about reduction in stocking rate, herd mix may be the most
important factor. Flexibility must be built into the herd. In general,
breeding herds should constitute no more than 60 percent of the total
carrying capacity of the ranch during normal years, with the remainder
of the herd composed of held-over yearlings or stocker type animals.
When drought conditions occur and forage supplies are limiting,
livestock numbers can be reduced by selling the stockers or yearlings
first without destroying the integrity of the breeding herd.

When the drought becomes even more severe and breeding animals must be
reduced, accurate herd performance records become extremely important.
These should be maintained such that when reducing the breeding herd
becomes necessary, the least productive animals can be identified and
culled first. Another alternative is to find alternative feed sources
such as wheat pasture, crop aftermath, or perhaps in the near future,
expired CRP acreage.

Rotational grazing systems may provide alternative options during
drought situations. Most grazing systems are designed to give plants
rest from grazing. Because plants are under stress during drought, they
need a longer period of rest to recover from grazing. Rotational grazing
or adjustments in rotational grazing plans may give adequate rest to
plants. In a rotation system, pasture numbers may be increased within
the system or the length of stay in a single pasture increased to
facilitate longer periods of rest.
EDITOR'S NOTE: C.W. Roberts is county extension agent for agriculture in
Reeves and Loving counties. He writes a guest column each month for
Living off the land.

Cool season grass hot crop under irrigation

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Even in the midst of the recent drought conditions in the plains states
region, cattlemen are reporting some very impressive success stories
with Matua bromegrass under irrigation.
"Interest in Matua is still very high in spite of the recent weather
conditions," according to Keith Carmichael of CuttingEdge Agri
Products-the nation's largest seller of Matua. "We've been surprised at
the number of inquiries this year, and because producers are beginning
to "get a handle" on how to manage this grass, we're seeing more large
plantings of 1000 acres or more." Although beef prices are in a
relentless down cycle, a recent poll done by Cutting-Edge found many
producers using Matua very satisfied. Reasons given included:
performance of the cattle, cost of gain, animal health, and hay quality.
"Many producers are getting $.40-.45 per pound on the gain basis," says
Carmichael, "and we nearly always have a list of people looking to put
cattle on Matua."
In every part of the country, producers are finding that cattle show a
real preference for Matua over other forages, including wheat, and they
perform well on it. A producer near Lazbuddie, Texas, reported average
fall gains of 2.89 lbs. per day and one near Muleshoe recorded 3.2 lbs.
per day. "These were 'pay-weights' from the producer," says Carmichael,
"and, after all, those are the only ones that matter anyway."
One feedlot manager polled, who also carefully monitors his grazing
system, reported 93,000 head days on one circle (120 acres) during an 11
month period ending in October. "I know they grazed it during November
to go completely around the calendar," adds Carmichael. "That would be
well over 100,000 head-days for the year, and the cattle averaged just
over 2 lbs. per day."
Just down the road on the edge of Muleshoe, another producer recorded
40,000 head-days during the fall season on a newly planted 120 acre
circle of Matua. In this system, early spring growth was chopped and
bagged. Even though the grass was completely "freeze-dried" and
literally "blew away" in February, it was cut twice this spring-yielding
14.4 tons at 62% moisture (5.5 ton DM). Presently there are 855 head
weighing nearly 500 lbs. grazing on the system in 15 acre cells. The
cattle, which are "dry-lotted" each evening and fed haylage, go to a new
cell every 1-2 days. In this system the producer is able to maintain
these numbers and the same high quality forage "all the way through." In
this producer's opinion, "management is the key" to maintaining
consumption and animal performance.
In virtually every case, producers grazing Matua have found that some
of it must be chopped or hayed at some point in order to stay ahead of
its rapid spring growth and maintain forage quality.

Even though Matua is a cool season grass that can provide a lot of
"winter grazing" in some areas, it continues to grow through the summer
months under irrigation. Research done by Dr. Ed Houston at the Texas A
& M University Agricultural Research and Extension Center in San Angelo
last summer shows Matua producing a ton per acre every 30 days
throughout June, July, and August with annual yield of over 8,000 lbs per

During a field day at the station in October in which he presented this
data, Dr. Houston told the group, "We're trying to be cautious, but I
have to admit, we're pretty excited about the Matua." Events this spring
led Dr. Houston to be even more optimistic. A fall planting near the
center went completely dormant during the winter. "It received
absolutely no water," he said."

Then on April 1 it revived. "Every plant came back alive; I don't
believe there was a single plant that didn't survive. I couldn't believe
it," he said.

"Matua has passed its first test with me," he adds. "Surviving the
summer and dry winter conditions-I believe it deserves a good look in
this part of the country."

Some producers seem almost relentless as they try to push this New
Zealand brome to try to find what its limits are. One cattleman near
Plainview, Texas placed 450 head of cattle weighing 450 lbs. on 90 acres
of spring planted Matua in late May.

"When we visited at the Farm Show in October," recalls Carmichael, "all
but 90 head were still on that circle. We sat down and calculated that
he was running over 3000 lbs. per acre through July and August. We just
haven't recommended that, especially on that new of a stand."

Producers were asked to compare Matua to wheat pasture. "The real
difference," states one producer who chops and bags both wheat and
Matua, "is from June to October. Matua just keeps on going after the
wheat is done-that's all bonus, plus you don't have to replant like you
do with wheat."

One producer polled, who manages well over 500 acres of Matua near
Lazbuddie, Texas, put it another way, " We can `graze-out' wheat or we
can graze right on through the summer with Matua-it's really not much of
a choice. Besides, I get tired of replanting each fall."

One cattleman in his second year using Matua near Del City, Texas, is
"very pleased." "We're running between 2,000 and 2,300 lbs per acre now,
and the relative feed value is running 150. I would have to say that the
cattle are doing as good as they could on anything-even the best wheat
pasture you could find," he said.

All producers polled seemed to agree; the key is management. "It
responds to everything you can do to it," says one Friona, Texas,
cattleman, "and it has everything we want. Everyone we know who has it
likes it."

For more information or a free video on Matua, contact Cutting-Edge
Agri Products, 800-753-6511.

Hay supply down 15 percent;

Perry offers help to ranchers

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AUSTIN (AP) - Production of cotton, corn, peanuts and hay in Texas are
down from last year because of the ongoing drought, according to
Agriculture Commissioner Rick Perry.

Texas, the nation's top cotton-producing state, is estimated to produce
3.65 million bales, down 18 percent from last year and only the second
time since 1990 that the Texas cotton crop would drop below 4 million
bales, Perry said Monday.

``These numbers tell us just how severe this drought has been and the
toll it's taken on Texas crops,'' Perry said. ``Right now, we're looking
at more than 1 million acres of Upland cotton abandoned across the state
because of drought-related problems.''

Perry said more than 600,000 acres were abandoned on the southern High
Plains, the state's largest cotton-producing area.

Upland cotton production on the southern High Plains is estimated at
1.95 million bales, down 5 percent from last year. Recent rains across
the region have improved the condition of this year's crop, Perry said.

Texas corn production is estimated at 162 million bushels, down 25
percent from last year. Lack of timely rains during the growing season
has reduced statewide yield, which is expected to average 90 bushels per
acre, down 24 bushels from last year, he said.

Some corn producers in South Texas were not able to get a uniform stand
because of dry planting conditions, and producers had to delay harvest
in scattered areas, Perry said.

Dry weather also has cut production of the Texas hay crop. Total
production for all hay is estimated at about 6.9 million tons, down 15
percent from last year and the smallest hay crop since 1988, Perry said.

``Many of our livestock producers will be going into the fall and
winter months with low hay supplies, so I'm reminding producers to
contact the Texas Department of Agriculture's Hay Hotline to get a list
of suppliers who have hay for sale,'' Perry said.

Texas peanut production is estimated at 522.5 million pounds, 3 percent
below last year's crop, Perry said. Statewide average yield is down 100
pounds from 1995.

Texas sorghum production is expected to increase 36 percent from last
year to more than 102.6 million cwt. Although statewide average yield is
down from last year, harvested acreage increased 63 percent to 3.9
million acres, Perry said.

The Agriculture Department's Hay Hotline is (800) 687-7564.

Drought cuts production

of spring-planted crops

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The full effects of the 1996 drought are evident with the first
production forecast of spring-planted crops released by the Texas
Agricultural Statistics Service.

The 1996 Texas Upland cotton crop is expected to total 3.65 million
bales, 18 percent below 1995. Harvested acreage is estimated at 4.1
million acres, 29 percent less than last year. Dry conditions at
planting time, coupled with continued drought, caused poor stands and
many acres were abandoned. Yield is expected to average 427 pounds per
acre compared with 372 pounds last year.

Corn production is forecast at 162 million bushels, down 25 percent
from last year and 32 percent below the record set in 1994. Based on
August 1 conditions, statewide yield is expected to average 90 bushels
per acre, 24 bushels less than 1995 while harvested acreage is expected
to be down 5 percent.

Texas peanut production is expected to decrease 3 percent from last
year to 522.5 million pounds. Statewide yield, at 1,900 pounds per acre,
is down 100 pounds from last year, while harvested acreage increased 2
percent to 275,000 acres. Irrigated peanuts have made good progress
across the state this year, but dryland peanuts have suffered from

Sorghum production is forecast at 102.6 million hundredweight, 41
percent above last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 3.90 million
acres, up 63 percent, as sorghum replaced some lost cotton acreage.
Yield, at 2,632 pounds per acre, is expected to be 392 pounds below last

The 1996 soybean crop is forecast at 7.02 million bushels, up 17
percent from last year's production. Harvested acreage increased 13
percent, and yield is expected to average 26 bushels per acre, compared
with 25 last year.

United States corn production, at 8.69 billion bushels, increased 18
percent from last year's crop. A yield of 188.7 bushels per acre is
forecast, up 5.2 bushels from last year.

The sorghum crop is expected to increase 59 percent, to 410.9 million
cwt. The U.S. Upland cotton crop is expected to total 18 million bales,
up 3 percent from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 2.3 billion bushels, 7 percent above
last year. The U.S. peanut crop is estimated at 3.3 billion pounds, 3
percent below a year ago.

Hundreds die each year in farming accidents

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The National Safety Council seeks to protect farm families through a
media safety campaign each year.

Each year hundreds of people are killed in farm-related accidents in
the United States. While agriculture is an icon of American history, it
also is one of the most dangerous industries in America. Safety and
health education can play an important role in reducing fatalities and
mjurles on tarms.

This year is the 53rd anniversary of National Farm Safety and Health
Week. During the week of September 15 - 21, 1996, the National Safety
Council encourages all Americans to put special emphasis on farm safety.

Throughout the 52 years of this observance, progress has been made in
some areas, still other areas are a growing concern to the oldest
industry in the U.S. For example, the average age of the American farmer
is approaching 55 years. Also, 1995 U.S. data shows the number one
killer of farmers 65 years of age and over is tractor overturns.

In addition, thousands of children are injured on farms each year. Many
farm tasks are being performed by young children currently living on
farms. The average age for a child to drive a tractor on the road is 12

Appropriate protective measures should be taken when a farm task
involves children.

Gerard F. Scannell is president of the National Safety Council, a
nongovemmental not-for-profit international public service organization
protecting life and promoting health.

He can be reached at 1121 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca, IL, 60143-3201 -
(708) 285-1121, FAX (708) 285-1315.

Pool to be honored at Permian Basin Oil Show

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ODESSA, TX - The Permian Basin Oil Show has announced that the 1996 Oil
Show Honoree is Frank M. Pool, founder of Pool Company, according to Don
Narrell, PBOS Honoree Committee Chairman.

"We're proud to have Frank Pool as our 1996 Honoree," said W. R. "Bro"
Hill, 1996 PBOS President. "Frank Pool's leadership and enthusiasm in
the petroleum industry and his community make his an extraordinary

Pool is the show's 31st Honoree since 1952. The Permian Basin Oil Show
is the world's largest inland exhibition of oilfield products and

Frank Pool was born in 1918 in Grandview. He graduated from Texas A&M
University in 1941 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Petroleum
Engineering. Pool began his engineering career with Humble Oil and
Refining Company in East Texas the summer before he graduated. After
graduation, Pool went to work for Humble Oil as the District Petroleum
Engineer in the Gulf Coast Area until he was called to duty in the
United States Army as a Second Lieutenant in 1942. He was later promoted
to the rank of Major as a Task Force Commander.

Upon completion of his military career in October 1945, Pool returned
to work for Humble Oil and Refining Company where he again worked on the
Gulf Coast. In January 1948, Pool and his family moved to San Angelo, to
be closer to his wife's family in Mertzon, Texas. He established Pool
Company with one rig and a one-room office. Pool's hard work and long
hours have brought Pool Company to international recognition for the
company's domestic and international operations based in all the oil
producing states in the United States and in 16 foreign countries.
Today, the company's headquarters are located in Houston, Texas.

Pool served on the Board of Directors for Pool Energy Services Co.
until his retirement in 1995. He currently acts as a consultant for the
Along with his outstanding entrepreneurial skills, Pool played a major
role in shaping the future of the well servicing industry. In 1956, he
and other well servicing contractors founded the Association of Oil Well
Servicing Contractors in Odessa. The mission was to unify the industry
to enable it to meet ~the challenges of governmental regulators, safety,
technology, insurance and contractor/operator relations. Pool was
elected the first President. This year the association broadened the
base of membership to include all energy service companies and is now
recognized as the Association of Energy Service Companies.

Other petroleum related organizations have also been touched by Pool's
leadership. He is a former director of Texas Commerce Bank, General
Telephone Company of the Southwest, the International Association of
Drilling Contractors, the Permian Basin Oil Show and the Board of
Trustees of Hardin Simmons University. He was a member of the Well
Servicing Task Force Group of the National Petroleum Council's Committee
of American Petroleum Institute, Southwest District, a current member of
the West Texas Geological Society.

Pool married Elizabeth Hughes of Mertzon in February 1946. They have
three children, Frank M. Pool, Jr., Mary Ellen Hartje and Martha Jean
Elder, and six grandchildren.

Pool served on the Board of San Angelo Independent School District and
held an elected office for the State Board of Education District 21. He
was also Chairman of the Regional School Board. He has served as council
person and member of the Boy Scouts of America. Pool currently serves on
the Board of Deacons at First Baptist Church of San Angelo.
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transmission or delivery of all or any part thereof or for any damages
arising from any of the foregoing.

Copyright 1996 by Pecos Enterprise
Division of Buckner News Alliance, Inc.
324 S. Cedar St., Pecos, TX 79772
Phone 915-445-5475, FAX 915-445-4321

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